Antibacterial efficacy of chitosan- and poly(hexamethylene biguanide)-immobilized nanofiber membrane

I. Son Ng, Chien Wei Ooi, Bing Lan Liu, Chun To Peng, Chen Yaw Chiu, Yu Kaung Chang

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18 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber membrane was prepared by an electrospinning technique. After alkaline hydrolysis, the ion-exchange nanofiber membrane (P-COOH) was grafted with chitosan molecules to form a chitosan-modified nanofiber membrane (P-COOH-CS). Poly(hexamethylene biguanide) (PHMB) was then covalently immobilized on P-COOH and P-COOH-CS to form P-COOH-PHMB and P-COOH-CS-PHMB, respectively. The nanofiber membranes were subjected to various surface analyses as well as to the evaluations of antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli. The optimal modification conditions for P-COOH-CS-PHMB were attained by water-soluble chitosan at 50 kDa of molecular weight, coupling pH at 7, and 0.05% (w/w) of PHMB. Within 10 min of treatment, the antibacterial rate was close to 100%. Under the similar conditions of antibacterial treatment, the P-COOH-CS-PHMB exhibited a better antibacterial efficacy than the P-COOH-PHMB. When the number of bacterial cells was increased by 2000 folds, both types of nanofiber membranes still maintained the antibacterial rate close to 100%. After five cycles of repeated antibacterial treatment, the antibacterial efficacy of P-COOH-PHMB was 96%, which was higher than that of P-COOH-CS-PHMB (83%). The experimental results revealed that the PHMB-modified nanofiber membranes can be suitably applied in water treatment such as water disinfection and biofouling control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844-854
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • Antibacterial activity
  • Chitosan
  • E. coli
  • Nanofiber membrane
  • Poly(hexamethylene biguanide)

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