Antiarthritic activity of Achyranthes aspera on formaldehyde-induced arthritis in rats

Velmurugan Chinnasamy, Vetriselvan Subramaniyan, Sarath Chandiran, Saminathan Kayarohanam, Dhanapal Сhidambaram Kanniyan, Venkata Sathya Saiappala Raju Velaga, Shafiulla Muhammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

20 Citations (Scopus)


To determine the ameliorative potential of aqueous extract of Achyranthesaspera(AEAA) against arthritis using swiss albino mice and Wistar rats, and its possible mechanism of action. METHODS: Swiss albino mice (25-30 g) and Wistar rats (150-180 g) under standard controlled conditions (24 ± 2°C, 50-70 humidity and 12 h light/dark cycle). The groups were divided into 6 groups (n = 6/group) and assigned as control, negative control, standard and, formaldehyde supplemented with two different test dose groups of A. aspera for 4 weeks. Arthritis induced by subplantar administration of 0.1 ml formaldehyde (2% v/v) into the left hind paw in all groups except normal control. Arthritis was assessed using serum Hb, ESR, paw volume, joint diameter, radiological and histopathological investigation. RESULTS: Oral administration of AEAA shown a significant (p < 0.01) dose-dependent protection against formaldehyde induced arthritis. At 21st day, A.asperashown an inhibition of paw volume in the different doses of 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg were found to be 30% and, 38.33% respectively. At 14th day the joint swelling was found to be 27.2% and 36.36 respectively. Diclofenac (10 mg/kg) had an effect of 36.61% inhibition of arthritis and joint swelling at 21st and 14th day. CONCLUSION: Thus, the present study revealed that the aqueous extract of A. aspera offered significant protection against arthritis and joint inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2709-2714
Number of pages6
JournalOpen Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Achyranthesaspera
  • Anti-arthritis
  • Arthritis
  • Formaldehyde

Cite this