Anti-Trop2 antibody-conjugated bioreducible nanoparticles for targeted triple negative breast cancer therapy

Soyoung Son, Sol Shin, N. Vijayakameswara Rao, Wooram Um, Jueun Jeon, Hyewon Ko, V. G. Deepagan, Seunglee Kwon, Jun Young Lee, Jae Hyung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trop2, a transmembrane glycoprotein, has emerged as a biomarker for targeted cancer therapy since it is overexpressed in 80% of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients. For the site-specific delivery of the anticancer drug into TNBC, anti-Trop2 antibody-conjugated nanoparticles (ST-NPs) were prepared as the potential nanocarrier, composed of carboxymethyl dextran (CMD) derivatives with bioreducible disulfide bonds. Owing to its amphiphilicity, the CMD derivatives were self-assembled into nano-sized particles in an aqueous condition. Doxorubicin (DOX), chosen as a model anticancer drug, was effectively encapsulated into the nanoparticles. DOX-loaded ST-NPs (DOX-ST-NPs) rapidly released DOX in the presence of 10 mM glutathione (GSH), whereas the DOX release is significantly retarded in the physiological condition (PBS, pH 7.4). Confocal microscopic images and flow cytometry analysis demonstrated that DOX-ST-NPs were selectively taken up by MDA-MB-231 as the representative Trop2-expressing TNBC cells. Consequently, DOX-ST-NPs exhibited higher toxicity to Trop2-positive MDA-MB-231 cancer cells, compared to DOX-loaded control nanoparticles without the disulfide bond or anti-Trop2 antibody. Overall, ST-NPs might be a promising carrier of DOX for targeted TNBC therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-415
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume110
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioreducible nanoparticle
  • Triple negative breast cancer
  • Trop2 antibody

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