Objectives: Driveline infections are a major complication of ventricular assist device (VAD) therapy. A newly introduced Carbothane driveline has preliminarily demonstrated anti-infective potential against driveline infections. This study aimed to comprehensively assess the anti-biofilm capability of the Carbothane driveline and explore its physicochemical characteristics. Methods: We assessed the Carbothane driveline against biofilm formation of leading microorganisms causing VAD driveline infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans, using novel in vitro biofilm assays mimicking different infection micro-environments. The importance of physicochemical properties of the Carbothane driveline in microorganism-device interactions were analyzed, particularly focusing on the surface chemistry. The role of micro-gaps in driveline tunnels on biofilm migration was also examined. Results: All organisms were able to attach to the smooth and velour sections of the Carbothane driveline. Early microbial adherence, at least for S. aureus and S. epidermidis, did not proceed to the formation of mature biofilms in a drip-flow biofilm reactor mimicking the driveline exit site environment. The presence of a driveline tunnel however, promoted staphylococcal biofilm formation on the Carbothane driveline. Physicochemical analysis of the Carbothane driveline revealed surface characteristics that may have contributed to its anti-biofilm activity, such as the aliphatic nature of its surface. The presence of micro-gaps in the tunnel facilitated biofilm migration of the studied bacterial species. Conclusion: This study provides experimental evidence to support the anti-biofilm activity of the Carbothane driveline and uncovered specific physicochemical features that may explain its ability to inhibit biofilm formation.
- Surface chemistry
- Ventricular assist device driveline
Stephen Firth (Manager), Alex Fulcher (Operator), Oleks Chernyavskiy (Operator), Margaret Rzeszutek (Other), David Potter (Manager), Volker Hilsenstein (Operator), Juan Nunez-Iglesias (Other), Stephen Cody (Manager), Irena Carmichael (Operator), Betty Kouskousis (Other), Sarah Creed (Manager) & Giulia Ballerin (Operator)Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences Research Platforms
Georg Ramm (Manager), Simon Andrew Crawford (Operator), Hariprasad Venugopal (Operator), Joan Marea Clark (Operator) & Gediminas Gervinskas (Operator)Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences Research Platforms