Objective: To investigate the effects of the combined angiotensin- converting enzyme (ACE)/neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitor omapatrilat on atherosclerosis and renal injury in a model of diabetes-associated accelerated atherosclerosis and renal injury. Design: The study was performed using diabetic apolipoprotein E-knockout (apo E-KO) mice, a model combining hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia, which leads to accelerated atherosclerosis and renal injury. Methods: Diabetes was induced by the injection of streptozotocin in 6-week old apo E-KO mice. Diabetic animals received no treatment (n = 12) or treatment with the ACE/NEP inhibitor omapatrilat (30 mg/kg per day, via gavage, n = 12) or quinapril (10 mg/kg per day, in drinking water, n = 12) for 20 weeks. Non-diabetic apo E-KO mice (n = 12) served as controls. Results: Omapatrilat reduced atherosclerosis and protected the mice from renal structural injury and albuminuria. The protective effects were associated with tissue inhibition of aortic and renal ACE and NEP as well as a significant reduction in blood pressure. Omapatrilat had similar anti-atherosclerotic effects compared with the ACE inhibitor quinapril in association with an almost complete inhibition of aortic ACE activity by both drugs. Omapatrilat conferred superior renoprotection in the diabetic apo E-KO mouse compared with quinapril in the context of greater renal ACE inhibition by omapatrilat than seen with quinapril, additional renal NEP inhibition and a modestly enhanced antihypertensive response. Conclusions: These studies demonstrate the anti-atherosclerotic and renoprotective effects of omapatrilat in diabetic apo E-KO mice, a model of accelerated atherosclerosis and renal injury. These effects were observed in association with the local inhibition of ACE and NEP at the tissue level in the aorta and kidney. These results suggest that the anti-atherosclerotic effect conferred by omapatrilat treatment in the diabetic apo E-KO mouse is predominantly mediated by its capacity to inhibit local vascular ACE. By contrast, in the kidney, local renal ACE and NEP inhibition and the superior antihypertensive effect of omapatrilat all contribute to the renoprotective effect conferred by omapatrilat treatment in the diabetic apo E-KO mouse.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Hypertension|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2005|
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme
- Neutral endopeptidase
- Renal disease