Anthropometrische Messungen in der NAKO Gesundheitsstudie – mehr als nur Größe und Gewicht

Translated title of the contribution: Anthropometric measures in the German National Cohort—more than weight and height

Beate Fischer, Anja M. Sedlmeier, Saskia Hartwig, Christopher L. Schlett, Wolfgang Ahrens, Fabian Bamberg, Hansjörg Baurecht, Heiko Becher, Klaus Berger, Hans Binder, Barbara Bohn, Prudence R. Carr, Stefanie Castell, Claus Werner Franzke, Julia Fricke, Sylvia Gastell, Karin Halina Greiser, Kathrin Günther, Lina Jaeschke, Rudolf KaaksYvonne Kemmling, Lilian Krist, Oliver Kuß, Nicole Legath, Wolfgang Lieb, Jakob Linseisen, Markus Löffler, Karin B. Michels, Rafael Mikolajczyk, Tobias Niedermaier, Kristina Norman, Nadia Obi, Annette Peters, Tobias Pischon, Tamara Schikowski, Sabine Schipf, Börge Schmidt, Matthias B. Schulze, Andreas Stang, Jelena Stojicic, Daniel Tiller, Henry Völzke, Sabina Waniek, Michael F. Leitzmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

High levels of adiposity in the population have a major impact on various diseases, but previous epidemiologic studies have largely been restricted to simple anthropometric measures such as the body mass index (BMI), an imperfect predictor of disease risk. There is a critical need for the use of improved measures of relative weight and body composition in large-scale, population-based research. The current article presents initial descriptive results of body composition and fat distribution based on the midterm baseline dataset of the German National Cohort, which included 101,817 participants who were examined in 18 study centers in Germany between March 2014 and March 2017. The anthropometric measures encompassed body weight, height, waist and hip circumference, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), sonography of abdominal adipose tissue, 3D-body scanning, and magnetic resonance imaging. BMI analyses showed that 46.2% of men and 29.7% of women were overweight and 23.5% of men and 21.2% of women were obese. On average, women in almost all age groups demonstrated more subcutaneous adipose tissue layer thickness than men. The mean values of visceral adipose tissue layer thickness, on the other hand, were higher among men than among women in all age groups and increased continuously across age groups in both sexes. The comprehensive assessment of body composition and fat distribution provides novel future opportunities for detailed epidemiologic analyses of overweight and adiposity in relation to the development of chronic diseases.

Translated title of the contributionAnthropometric measures in the German National Cohort—more than weight and height
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)290-300
Number of pages11
JournalBundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3D body scanning
  • Anthropometry
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Population-based cohort
  • Sonography of abdominal fat compartments

Cite this