Anthropometric measurements of Australian aboriginal adults living in remote areas: Comparison with nationally representative findings

Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Wendy E Hoy, Zhiqiang Wang, Esther Mary Briganti, Kevan R Polkinghorne, Steven J Chadban, Jonathan Shaw

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ABSTRACT To compare body size measurements in Australian Aboriginals living in three remote communities in the Northern Territory of Australia with those of the general Australian population. Height, weight, waist and hip circumferences and derivative values of body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist-height ratio (WHT), and waist-weight ratios (WWT) of adult Aboriginal volunteers (n 5 814), aged 25 to 74 years were compared with participants in the nationally representative a??AusDiaba?? survey (n 5 10,434). The Aboriginal body habitus profiles differed considerably from the Australian profile. When compared to Australian females, Aboriginal females were taller and had lower hip circumference but had higher WC, WHR, WHT, and WWT (P <0.01 for all). When compared with their Australian counterparts, Aboriginal males were shorter, had lower body weight, WC, hip circumference, BMI, and WHT but had higher WHR and WWT (P <0.001 for all). Significantly more Aboriginal females were classified as overweight and or obese using cutoffs defined by WC and by WHR than by BMI. Aboriginal males were less often overweight and/ or obese by BMI than their counterparts, but were significantly more often overweight or obese by WHR. There were significant variations in body size profiles between Aboriginal communities. However, the theme of excess waist measurements relative to their weight was uniform. Aboriginal people had preferential central fat deposition in relation to their overall weight. BMI significantly underestimated overweight and obesity as assessed by waist measurements among Aboriginals. This relationship of preferential central fat deposition to the current epidemic of chronic diseases needs to be explored further. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 20:317a??324, 2008
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317 - 324
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Cite this

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title = "Anthropometric measurements of Australian aboriginal adults living in remote areas: Comparison with nationally representative findings",
abstract = "ABSTRACT To compare body size measurements in Australian Aboriginals living in three remote communities in the Northern Territory of Australia with those of the general Australian population. Height, weight, waist and hip circumferences and derivative values of body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist-height ratio (WHT), and waist-weight ratios (WWT) of adult Aboriginal volunteers (n 5 814), aged 25 to 74 years were compared with participants in the nationally representative a??AusDiaba?? survey (n 5 10,434). The Aboriginal body habitus profiles differed considerably from the Australian profile. When compared to Australian females, Aboriginal females were taller and had lower hip circumference but had higher WC, WHR, WHT, and WWT (P <0.01 for all). When compared with their Australian counterparts, Aboriginal males were shorter, had lower body weight, WC, hip circumference, BMI, and WHT but had higher WHR and WWT (P <0.001 for all). Significantly more Aboriginal females were classified as overweight and or obese using cutoffs defined by WC and by WHR than by BMI. Aboriginal males were less often overweight and/ or obese by BMI than their counterparts, but were significantly more often overweight or obese by WHR. There were significant variations in body size profiles between Aboriginal communities. However, the theme of excess waist measurements relative to their weight was uniform. Aboriginal people had preferential central fat deposition in relation to their overall weight. BMI significantly underestimated overweight and obesity as assessed by waist measurements among Aboriginals. This relationship of preferential central fat deposition to the current epidemic of chronic diseases needs to be explored further. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 20:317a??324, 2008",
author = "Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan and Hoy, {Wendy E} and Zhiqiang Wang and Briganti, {Esther Mary} and Polkinghorne, {Kevan R} and Chadban, {Steven J} and Jonathan Shaw",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1002/ajhb.20729",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "317 -- 324",
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Anthropometric measurements of Australian aboriginal adults living in remote areas: Comparison with nationally representative findings. / Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Srinivas; Hoy, Wendy E; Wang, Zhiqiang; Briganti, Esther Mary; Polkinghorne, Kevan R; Chadban, Steven J; Shaw, Jonathan.

In: American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2008, p. 317 - 324.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anthropometric measurements of Australian aboriginal adults living in remote areas: Comparison with nationally representative findings

AU - Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Srinivas

AU - Hoy, Wendy E

AU - Wang, Zhiqiang

AU - Briganti, Esther Mary

AU - Polkinghorne, Kevan R

AU - Chadban, Steven J

AU - Shaw, Jonathan

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - ABSTRACT To compare body size measurements in Australian Aboriginals living in three remote communities in the Northern Territory of Australia with those of the general Australian population. Height, weight, waist and hip circumferences and derivative values of body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist-height ratio (WHT), and waist-weight ratios (WWT) of adult Aboriginal volunteers (n 5 814), aged 25 to 74 years were compared with participants in the nationally representative a??AusDiaba?? survey (n 5 10,434). The Aboriginal body habitus profiles differed considerably from the Australian profile. When compared to Australian females, Aboriginal females were taller and had lower hip circumference but had higher WC, WHR, WHT, and WWT (P <0.01 for all). When compared with their Australian counterparts, Aboriginal males were shorter, had lower body weight, WC, hip circumference, BMI, and WHT but had higher WHR and WWT (P <0.001 for all). Significantly more Aboriginal females were classified as overweight and or obese using cutoffs defined by WC and by WHR than by BMI. Aboriginal males were less often overweight and/ or obese by BMI than their counterparts, but were significantly more often overweight or obese by WHR. There were significant variations in body size profiles between Aboriginal communities. However, the theme of excess waist measurements relative to their weight was uniform. Aboriginal people had preferential central fat deposition in relation to their overall weight. BMI significantly underestimated overweight and obesity as assessed by waist measurements among Aboriginals. This relationship of preferential central fat deposition to the current epidemic of chronic diseases needs to be explored further. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 20:317a??324, 2008

AB - ABSTRACT To compare body size measurements in Australian Aboriginals living in three remote communities in the Northern Territory of Australia with those of the general Australian population. Height, weight, waist and hip circumferences and derivative values of body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist-height ratio (WHT), and waist-weight ratios (WWT) of adult Aboriginal volunteers (n 5 814), aged 25 to 74 years were compared with participants in the nationally representative a??AusDiaba?? survey (n 5 10,434). The Aboriginal body habitus profiles differed considerably from the Australian profile. When compared to Australian females, Aboriginal females were taller and had lower hip circumference but had higher WC, WHR, WHT, and WWT (P <0.01 for all). When compared with their Australian counterparts, Aboriginal males were shorter, had lower body weight, WC, hip circumference, BMI, and WHT but had higher WHR and WWT (P <0.001 for all). Significantly more Aboriginal females were classified as overweight and or obese using cutoffs defined by WC and by WHR than by BMI. Aboriginal males were less often overweight and/ or obese by BMI than their counterparts, but were significantly more often overweight or obese by WHR. There were significant variations in body size profiles between Aboriginal communities. However, the theme of excess waist measurements relative to their weight was uniform. Aboriginal people had preferential central fat deposition in relation to their overall weight. BMI significantly underestimated overweight and obesity as assessed by waist measurements among Aboriginals. This relationship of preferential central fat deposition to the current epidemic of chronic diseases needs to be explored further. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 20:317a??324, 2008

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U2 - 10.1002/ajhb.20729

DO - 10.1002/ajhb.20729

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 317

EP - 324

JO - American Journal of Human Biology

JF - American Journal of Human Biology

SN - 1042-0533

IS - 3

ER -