Antenatal breast milk expression by women with diabetes for improving infant outcomes (Review)

Christine East, Willie J Dolan, Della A Forster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)



Some women with diabetes in pregnancy are encouraged to express and store colostrum prior to birthing. Following birth, the breastfed infant may be given the stored colostrum to minimise the use of artificial formula or intravenous dextrose administration if correction of hypoglycaemia is required. However, findings from observational studies suggest that antenatal breast milk expression may stimulate labour earlier than expected and increase admissions to special care nurseries for correction of neonatal hypoglycaemia.

To evaluate the benefits and harms of the expression and storage of breast milk during late pregnancy by women with diabetes.
Search methods

We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (30 June 2014).
Selection criteria

All published and unpublished randomised controlled trials comparing antenatal breast milk expressing with not expressing, by pregnant women with diabetes (pre-existing or gestational) and a singleton pregnancy.
Data collection and analysis

Two review authors independently evaluated reports identified by the search strategy.
Main results

There were no published or unpublished randomised controlled trials comparing antenatal expressing with not expressing. One randomised trial is currently underway.
Authors' conclusions

There is no high level systematic evidence to inform the safety and efficacy of the practice of expressing and storing breast milk during pregnancy.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberCD010408
Number of pages15
JournalCochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2014

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