The interdependent effects of temperature and guest uptake on the structure of the ultramicroporous metal–organic framework [Cu3(cdm)4] (cdm=C(CN)2(CONH2)−) were explored in detail by using in situ neutron scattering and density functional theory calculations. The tetragonal lattice displays an anisotropic thermal response related to a hinged “lattice-fence” mechanism, unusual for this topology, which is facilitated by pivoting of the rigid cdm anion about the Cu nodes. Calculated pore-size metrics clearly illustrate the potential for temperature-mediated adsorption in ultramicroporous frameworks due to thermal fluctuations of the pore diameter near the value of the target guest kinetic diameter, though in [Cu3(cdm)4] this is counteracted by a competing contraction of the pore with increasing temperature as a result of the anisotropic lattice response.
- density functional calculations
- gas sorption
- metal–organic frameworks
- negative thermal expansion
- neutron diffraction