Anatomy and pathophysiology of the pleura and pleural space

Nilay Gamze Yalcin, Cliff Khuat Chye Choong, Norman Eizenberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Other

25 Citations (Scopus)


Pleural effusions are most often secondary to an underlying condition and may be the first sign of the underlying pathologic condition. The balance between the hydrostatic and oncotic forces dictates pleural fluid homeostasis. The parietal pleura has a more significant role in pleural fluid homeostasis. Its vessels are closer to the pleural space compared with its visceral counterpart; it contains lymphatic stomata, absent on visceral pleura, which are responsible for a bulk clearance of fluid. The diagnosis and successful treatment of pleural effusions requires a mixture of imaging techniques and pleural fluid analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThoracic Surgery Clinics [P]
EditorsC K C Choong, M B Marshall
Place of PublicationUSA
Pages1 - 10
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)1547-4127
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this