Anaphylaxis - Identification, management and prevention

Ingrid Laemmle-Ruff, Robyn E O'Hehir, Michael Ackland, Mimi L K Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract OBJECTIVE: This article summarises current knowledge regarding the identification, management and prevention of anaphylaxis, highlighting risk minimisation strategies relevant to general practitioners. DISCUSSION: The most common causes of anaphylaxis are medication, food and insect venom. Medications are the most common cause of anaphylaxis in older adults, particularly antibiotics, anaesthetic drugs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opiates. Food allergy is the most common cause of anaphylaxis in children, but rarely results in death. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment with adrenaline, as well as ongoing management. Important steps for long-term risk minimisation include avoidance of triggers, prescription of an adrenaline autoinjector, maintenance of a personalised emergency action plan for anaphylaxis, education for patients and families and regular review to optimise management.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38 - 40
Number of pages3
JournalAustralian Family Physician
Volume42
Issue number1/2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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