Analytical theory of modulated magnetic solitons

L. D. Bookman, M. A. Hoefer

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Droplet solitons are coherently precessing solitary waves that have been recently realized in thin ferromagnets with perpendicular anisotropy. In the strongly nonlinear regime, droplets can be well approximated by a slowly precessing, circular domain wall with a hyperbolic tangent form. Utilizing this representation, this work develops a general droplet modulation theory and applies it to study the long-range effects of the magnetostatic field and a nanocontact spin torque oscillator (NC-STO) where spin polarized currents act as a gain source to counteract magnetic damping. An analysis of the dynamical equations for the droplet's center, frequency, and phase demonstrates a negative precessional frequency shift due to long-range dipolar interactions, dependent on film thickness. Further analysis also demonstrates the onset of a saddle-node bifurcation at the minimum sustaining current for the NC-STO. The basin of attraction associated with the stable node demonstrates that spin torque enacts a restoring force to excursions of the droplet from the nanocontact center, observed previously in numerical simulations. Large excursions lead to the droplet's eventual decay into spin waves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number184401
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

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