## Abstract

Time-resolved velocity fields from direct numerical simulations (DNS) are used to investigate the spanwise extent and the time persistence of uniform momentum zones (UMZs) in a zero pressure gradient turbulent boundary layer (ZPG-TBL) and a self-similar adverse pressure gradient turbulent boundary layer (APG-TBL) at the verge of separation. The instantaneous detection methodology introduced by Adrian et al. [1] is used to detect the UMZs and is extended to take into account the spanwise domain length and the temporal evolution of the UMZs. The Reynolds number based on friction velocity (Re_{τ}) ranges from 1176 to 1277 for the ZPG-TBL and from 1652 to 1745 for the self-similar APG-TBL within the domain of interest. For both the TBL cases, probability density functions (PDFs) of the number of UMZs are computed as a function of the streamwise extent, spanwise extent and time extent. For the ZPG-TBL, when the streamwise length of the domain is greater than or equal to 3 boundary layer thickness, the probability of finding 4 UMZs becomes almost negligible. For the APG-TBL, even when the streamwise domain length is taken as large as 1.3 boundary layer thickness, the probability of finding 4 UMZs is still significant. The spanwise extent of the UMZs is found to be shorter than their streamwise extent regardless of the pressure gradient in the flow. In the ZPG-TBL flow, the majority of the UMZs have a spanwise extent of the order of one-tenth of a boundary layer thickness while for the APG-TBL, it is found to be on the order of one-hundredth of a boundary layer thickness. In the ZPG-TBL, the probability of finding 2 UMZs that persist over a time period of 2 integral time scale is around 50%. Similarly, for the APG-TBL, the probability of finding 2 UMZs with a time persistence of 0.4 integral time scale is over 50%. In the case of the ZPG-TBL, it is observed that some of the UMZs with higher persistence in time have higher streamwise momentum and are found to be closer to the free-stream in general. This result is consistent with the previous observations by Laskari et al. [2]. In contrast, for the APG-TBL, UMZs with longer time persistence are found closer to the wall with lower streamwise momentum.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Journal of Physics |

Subtitle of host publication | Conference Series |

Number of pages | 14 |

Volume | 1522 |

Edition | 1 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2020 |

Event | Madrid Summer School on Turbulence 2019 - Madrid, Spain Duration: 10 Jun 2019 → 12 Jul 2019 Conference number: 4th https://iopscience.iop.org/issue/1742-6596/1522/1 |

### Publication series

Name | Journal of Physics: Conference Series |
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Publisher | IOP Publishing |

ISSN (Print) | 1742-6588 |

### Conference

Conference | Madrid Summer School on Turbulence 2019 |
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Country/Territory | Spain |

City | Madrid |

Period | 10/06/19 → 12/07/19 |

Internet address |