Plasma concentrations of in-vitro biological and immunological LH were measured throughout the LH surge in cyclic ewes and in ovariectomized ewes treated i.m. with oestradiol benzoate. Both activities increased in parallel during the LH surge in both groups, although the ratio of biological to immunological activities (B/I ratio) was highest at the peak of the LH surge. The two activities were highly correlated (r = 0.86-0.92), with similar slopes from their regression analysis for the cyclic and ovariectomized groups (1.15 and 1.16 respectively). However, the intercepts of the regression lines did not pass through the origin, but intersected the y (radioimmunoassay) axis, suggesting that these serum samples contained immunoactivity not associated with LH bioactivity. In conclusion, an increase in the LH B/I ratio was observed during the LH surge in oestrogen-treated ovariectomized ewes and in cyclic ewes. This increase was not attributable to a change in the relationship between these two LH activities during the LH surge, but rather to the detection of bioinactive immunoactive material in plasma of unknown composition.