Analysis of data acquisition time on soil moisture retrieval from multiangle L-band observations

Sandy Peischl, Jeffrey P. Walker, Dongryeol Ryu, Yann H. Kerr

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This paper investigated the sensitivity of passive microwave L-band soil moisture (SM) retrieval from multiangle airborne brightness temperature data obtained under morning and afternoon conditions from the National Airborne Field Experiment conducted in southeast Australia in 2006. Ground measurements at a dryland focus farm including soil texture, soil temperature, and vegetation water content were used as ancillary data to drive the retrieval model. The derived SM was then in turn evaluated with the ground-measured near-surface SM patterns. The results of this paper show that the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity target accuracy of 0.04 m3m-3 for single-SM retrievals is achievable irrespective of the 6 A.M. and 6 P.M. overpass acquisition times for moisture conditions ≤ 0.15m3m-3. Additional tests on the use of the air temperature as proxy for the vegetation temperature also showed no preference for the acquisition time. The performance of multiparameter retrievals of SM and an additional parameter proved to be satisfactory for SM modeling-independent of the acquisition time-with root-mean-square errors less than 0.06 m3m-3 for the focus farm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8107722
Pages (from-to)966-971
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018


  • Acquisition time
  • L-band
  • multi-incidence angle
  • passive microwave remote sensing
  • soil moisture (SM)
  • soil moisture and ocean salinity (SMOS)

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