Analysis of continuous infusion functional PET (fPET) in the human brain

Shenpeng Li, Sharna D. Jamadar, Phillip G.D. Ward, Malin Premaratne, Gary F. Egan, Zhaolin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Functional positron emission tomography (fPET) is a neuroimaging method involving continuous infusion of 18-F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) radiotracer during the course of a PET examination. Compared with the conventional bolus administration of FDG in a static PET scan, which provides an average glucose uptake into the brain over an extended period of up to 30 ​min, fPET offers a significantly higher temporal resolution to study the dynamics of glucose uptake. Several earlier studies have applied fPET to investigate brain FDG uptake and study its relationship with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). However, due to the unique characteristics of fPET signals, modelling of the fPET signal is a complex task and poses challenges for accurate interpretation of the results from fPET experiments. This study applied independent component analysis (ICA) to analyse resting state fPET data, and to compare the performance of ICA and the general linear model (GLM) for estimation of brain activation in response to tasks. The fPET signal characteristics were compared using GLM and ICA methods to model fPET data from a visual activation experiment. Our aim was to evaluate GLM and ICA methods for analysing task fPET datasets, and to apply ICA methods to the analysis of resting state fPET datasets. Using both simulation and in-vivo experimental datasets, we show that both ICA and GLM methods can successfully identify task related brain activation. We report fPET metabolic resting state brain networks revealed by application of the fPET ICA method to a cohort of 28 healthy subjects. Functional PET provides a unique method to map dynamic changes of glucose uptake in the resting human brain and in response to extrinsic stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116720
Number of pages13
JournalNeuroImage
Volume213
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Functional PET
  • fPET
  • Continuous infusion FDG PET
  • Dynamic FDG-PET
  • ICA
  • GLM

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