The Philadelphia chromosome is present in more than 95% of chronic myelogenous leukemia patients and in up to 25% of patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia. The major consequence of the aberration is the fusion of the ABL and BCR genes. The position of the breakpoint on chromosome 22 determines which species of the potential three fused mRNAs and proteins will be synthesized. We have used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect these mRNAs in 53 patients and cell lines and found that around 20% contain simultaneously two BCR‐ABL mRNAs, presumably due to a process of alternative splicing. The results also indicate that most patients in lymphocytic blast crisis of CML contain the mRNA in which bcr exon 2 is linked to ABL exon II. Finally, we identified, cloned, and characterized a BCR‐related sequence that originated from mRNA.