Analog Beamforming with Low Resolution Phase Shifters

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In this letter, we consider analog beamforming using low resolution phase shifters for millimeter waves communications. We propose a hierarchical codebook design, where the beamforming vectors in the codebook are grouped into multiple levels and the preferred beamforming vector at each level is constructed to approximate an amplitude beamforming gain mask by using a low complexity local search algorithm. We show, by simulations, that the proposed codebook using low resolution phase shifters outperforms the existing schemes using high resolution phase shifters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7935364
Pages (from-to)502-505
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017


  • Analog beamforming
  • hierarchical codebook
  • millimeter waves
  • phase shifters

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