Analgesia Best Practice After Cardiac Surgery

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Sources of pain after cardiac surgery include sternotomy, rib retraction, conduit harvest, and drain tubes sites. An analgesic regimen should consider individual patient characteristics, including age, preoperative history of pain and response to analgesics, comorbidities, and psychologic state. Intraoperative and postoperatively administered opioids remain the mainstay of therapy, but adjunctive analgesics such as paracetamol, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and tramadol, and regional techniques, can reduce opioid consumption and opioid-induced respiratory depression. This may facilitate earlier tracheal extubation, mobilization, and recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-602
Number of pages12
JournalAnesthesiology Clinics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

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