An overview of the epidemiology of notifiable infectious diseases in Australia, 1991–2011

K. B. Gibney, A. C. Cheng, R. Hall, K. Leder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We reviewed the first 21 years (1991–2011) of Australia's National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). All nationally notified diseases (except HIV/AIDS and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease) were analysed by disease group (n = 8), jurisdiction (six states and two territories), Indigenous status, age group and notification year. In total, 2 421 134 cases were analysed. The 10 diseases with highest notification incidence (chlamydial infection, campylobacteriosis, varicella zoster, hepatitis C, influenza, pertussis, salmonellosis, hepatitis B, gonococcal infection, and Ross River virus infection) comprised 88% of all notifications. Annual notification incidence was 591 cases/100 000, highest in the Northern Territory (2598/100 000) and in children aged <5 years (698/100 000). A total of 8·4% of cases were Indigenous Australians. Notification incidence increased by 6·4% per year (12% for sexually transmissible infections and 15% for vaccine-preventable diseases). The number of notifiable diseases also increased from 37 to 65. The number and incidence of notifications increased throughout the study period, partly due to addition of diseases to the NNDSS and increasing availability of sensitive diagnostic tests. The most commonly notified diseases require a range of public health responses addressing high-risk sexual and drug-use behaviours, food safety and immunization. Our results highlight populations with higher notification incidence that might require tailored public health interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3263-3277
Number of pages15
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume144
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Analysis of data
  • Australia
  • epidemiology
  • public health
  • surveillance system

Cite this

Gibney, K. B. ; Cheng, A. C. ; Hall, R. ; Leder, K. / An overview of the epidemiology of notifiable infectious diseases in Australia, 1991–2011. In: Epidemiology and Infection. 2016 ; Vol. 144, No. 15. pp. 3263-3277.
@article{f12510aff8d34a15b3cbaa38eb1d51d6,
title = "An overview of the epidemiology of notifiable infectious diseases in Australia, 1991–2011",
abstract = "We reviewed the first 21 years (1991–2011) of Australia's National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). All nationally notified diseases (except HIV/AIDS and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease) were analysed by disease group (n = 8), jurisdiction (six states and two territories), Indigenous status, age group and notification year. In total, 2 421 134 cases were analysed. The 10 diseases with highest notification incidence (chlamydial infection, campylobacteriosis, varicella zoster, hepatitis C, influenza, pertussis, salmonellosis, hepatitis B, gonococcal infection, and Ross River virus infection) comprised 88{\%} of all notifications. Annual notification incidence was 591 cases/100 000, highest in the Northern Territory (2598/100 000) and in children aged <5 years (698/100 000). A total of 8·4{\%} of cases were Indigenous Australians. Notification incidence increased by 6·4{\%} per year (12{\%} for sexually transmissible infections and 15{\%} for vaccine-preventable diseases). The number of notifiable diseases also increased from 37 to 65. The number and incidence of notifications increased throughout the study period, partly due to addition of diseases to the NNDSS and increasing availability of sensitive diagnostic tests. The most commonly notified diseases require a range of public health responses addressing high-risk sexual and drug-use behaviours, food safety and immunization. Our results highlight populations with higher notification incidence that might require tailored public health interventions.",
keywords = "Analysis of data, Australia, epidemiology, public health, surveillance system",
author = "Gibney, {K. B.} and Cheng, {A. C.} and R. Hall and K. Leder",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1017/S0950268816001072",
language = "English",
volume = "144",
pages = "3263--3277",
journal = "Epidemiology and Infection",
issn = "0950-2688",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "15",

}

An overview of the epidemiology of notifiable infectious diseases in Australia, 1991–2011. / Gibney, K. B.; Cheng, A. C.; Hall, R.; Leder, K.

In: Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 144, No. 15, 11.2016, p. 3263-3277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - An overview of the epidemiology of notifiable infectious diseases in Australia, 1991–2011

AU - Gibney, K. B.

AU - Cheng, A. C.

AU - Hall, R.

AU - Leder, K.

PY - 2016/11

Y1 - 2016/11

N2 - We reviewed the first 21 years (1991–2011) of Australia's National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). All nationally notified diseases (except HIV/AIDS and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease) were analysed by disease group (n = 8), jurisdiction (six states and two territories), Indigenous status, age group and notification year. In total, 2 421 134 cases were analysed. The 10 diseases with highest notification incidence (chlamydial infection, campylobacteriosis, varicella zoster, hepatitis C, influenza, pertussis, salmonellosis, hepatitis B, gonococcal infection, and Ross River virus infection) comprised 88% of all notifications. Annual notification incidence was 591 cases/100 000, highest in the Northern Territory (2598/100 000) and in children aged <5 years (698/100 000). A total of 8·4% of cases were Indigenous Australians. Notification incidence increased by 6·4% per year (12% for sexually transmissible infections and 15% for vaccine-preventable diseases). The number of notifiable diseases also increased from 37 to 65. The number and incidence of notifications increased throughout the study period, partly due to addition of diseases to the NNDSS and increasing availability of sensitive diagnostic tests. The most commonly notified diseases require a range of public health responses addressing high-risk sexual and drug-use behaviours, food safety and immunization. Our results highlight populations with higher notification incidence that might require tailored public health interventions.

AB - We reviewed the first 21 years (1991–2011) of Australia's National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). All nationally notified diseases (except HIV/AIDS and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease) were analysed by disease group (n = 8), jurisdiction (six states and two territories), Indigenous status, age group and notification year. In total, 2 421 134 cases were analysed. The 10 diseases with highest notification incidence (chlamydial infection, campylobacteriosis, varicella zoster, hepatitis C, influenza, pertussis, salmonellosis, hepatitis B, gonococcal infection, and Ross River virus infection) comprised 88% of all notifications. Annual notification incidence was 591 cases/100 000, highest in the Northern Territory (2598/100 000) and in children aged <5 years (698/100 000). A total of 8·4% of cases were Indigenous Australians. Notification incidence increased by 6·4% per year (12% for sexually transmissible infections and 15% for vaccine-preventable diseases). The number of notifiable diseases also increased from 37 to 65. The number and incidence of notifications increased throughout the study period, partly due to addition of diseases to the NNDSS and increasing availability of sensitive diagnostic tests. The most commonly notified diseases require a range of public health responses addressing high-risk sexual and drug-use behaviours, food safety and immunization. Our results highlight populations with higher notification incidence that might require tailored public health interventions.

KW - Analysis of data

KW - Australia

KW - epidemiology

KW - public health

KW - surveillance system

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84984675532&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0950268816001072

DO - 10.1017/S0950268816001072

M3 - Article

VL - 144

SP - 3263

EP - 3277

JO - Epidemiology and Infection

JF - Epidemiology and Infection

SN - 0950-2688

IS - 15

ER -