An Overview of Ocean Thermal and Geothermal Energy Conversion Technologies and Systems

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The Earth and the oceans have a natural temperature gradient between the surface and given depths. The natural temperature gradient is used to operate renewable energy systems, such as power generation and space heating/cooling, which operate on similar thermodynamic concepts. For a given purpose, different technologies are used to extract heat from the two resources. Even though the concepts of the two systems are the same, their energy extracting performance is different. An overview of the similarities between the usages of the two thermal resources is presented in this paper. The energy balances at the surface of the Earth and the oceans, system performances, availabilities and economics are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1630006
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016


  • direct use
  • energy balance
  • Geothermal energy
  • ocean thermal energy
  • power generation

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