An overdue alignment of risk and resilience? A conceptual contribution to community resilience

Junko Mochizuki, Adriana Keating, Wei Liu, Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler, Reinhard Mechler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A systematic review of literature on community resilience measurement published between 2005 and 2014 revealed that the profound lack of clarity on risk and resilience is one of the main reasons why confusion about terms such as adaptive capacity, resilience, and vulnerability persists, despite the effort spared to operationalise these concepts. Resilience is measured in isolation in some cases, where a shock is perceived to arise external to the system of interest. Problematically, this contradicts the way in which the climate change and disaster communities perceive risk as manifesting itself endogenously as a function of exposure, hazard, and vulnerability. The common conceptualisation of resilience as predominantly positive is problematic as well when, in reality, many undesirable properties of a system are resilient. Consequently, this paper presents an integrative framework that highlights the interactions between risk drivers and coping, adaptive, and transformative capacities, providing an improved conceptual basis for resilience measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-391
Number of pages31
JournalDisasters
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adaptive
  • and transformative capacity
  • coping
  • measurement
  • resilience
  • risk drivers

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