An open trial of meaning-centered grief therapy: Rationale and preliminary evaluation

Wendy G. Lichtenthal, Corinne Catarozoli, Melissa Masterson, Elizabeth Slivjak, Elizabeth Schofield, Kailey E. Roberts, Robert A. Neimeyer, Lori Wiener, Holly G. Prigerson, David W. Kissane, Yuelin Li, William Breitbart

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To determine the preliminary feasibility, acceptability, and effects of Meaning-Centered Grief Therapy (MCGT) for parents who lost a child to cancer.Method Parents who lost a child to cancer and who were between six months and six years after loss and reporting elevated levels of prolonged grief were enrolled in open trials of MCGT, a manualized, one-on-one cognitive-behavioral-existential intervention that used psychoeducation, experiential exercises, and structured discussion to explore themes related to meaning, identity, purpose, and legacy. Parents completed 16 weekly sessions, 60-90 minutes in length, either in person or through videoconferencing. Parents were administered measures of prolonged grief disorder symptoms, meaning in life, and other assessments of psychological adjustment preintervention, mid-intervention, postintervention, and at three months postintervention. Descriptive data from both the in-person and videoconferencing open trial were pooled.Result Eight of 11 (72%) enrolled parents started the MCGT intervention, and six of eight (75%) participants completed all 16 sessions. Participants provided positive feedback about MCGT. Results showed postintervention longitudinal improvements in prolonged grief (d = 1.70), sense of meaning (d = 2.11), depression (d = 0.84), hopelessness (d = 1.01), continuing bonds with their child (d = 1.26), posttraumatic growth (ds = 0.29-1.33), positive affect (d = 0.99), and various health-related quality of life domains (d = 0.46-0.71). Most treatment gains were either maintained or increased at the three-month follow-up assessment.Significance of results Overall, preliminary data suggest that this 16-session, manualized cognitive-behavioral-existential intervention is feasible, acceptable, and associated with transdiagnostic improvements in psychological functioning among parents who have lost a child to cancer. Future research should examine MCGT with a larger sample in a randomized controlled trial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-12
Number of pages11
JournalPalliative and Supportive Care
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Bereaved parents
  • Existential
  • Meaning
  • Prolonged grief
  • Psychotherapy

Cite this

Lichtenthal, W. G., Catarozoli, C., Masterson, M., Slivjak, E., Schofield, E., Roberts, K. E., Neimeyer, R. A., Wiener, L., Prigerson, H. G., Kissane, D. W., Li, Y., & Breitbart, W. (2019). An open trial of meaning-centered grief therapy: Rationale and preliminary evaluation. Palliative and Supportive Care, 17(1), 2-12. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1478951518000925