An international core capability framework for physiotherapists to deliver quality care via videoconferencing: a Delphi study

Luke Davies, Rana S. Hinman, Trevor Russell, Belinda Lawford, Kim Bennell, International Videoconferencing Steering Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Question: What are the core capabilities that physiotherapists need in order to deliver quality care via videoconferencing? Design: A three-round modified e-Delphi survey. Participants: An international Delphi panel comprising a Steering Group and experts in the field, including physiotherapy researchers, physiotherapy clinicians, representatives of physiotherapy organisations, and consumers. Methods: The draft framework was developed by the research team and Steering Group, based on relevant documents identified within the literature. The panel considered a draft framework of 73 specific capabilities mapped across eight domains. Over three rounds, panellists rated their agreement (Likert or numerical rating scales) on whether each capability was essential (core) for physiotherapists to deliver quality care via videoconferencing. Those capabilities achieving consensus, defined as 75% of the panel ratings being ≥ 7 out of 10 in Round 3, were retained. Results: A total of 130 panellists from 32 countries participated in Round 1, with retention rates of 65% and 60% in Rounds 2 and 3, respectively. The final framework comprised 60 capabilities across seven domains: compliance (n = 7 capabilities); patient privacy and confidentiality (n = 4); patient safety (n = 7); technology skills (n = 7); telehealth delivery (n = 16); assessment and diagnosis (n = 7); and care planning and management (n = 12). Conclusion: This framework outlines the specific core capabilities required of physiotherapists to provide quality care via videoconferencing. The core capability framework provides guidance for physiotherapists to deliver care via videoconferencing and will help inform future development of physiotherapy curricula and professional development initiatives in the delivery of telehealth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-297
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physiotherapy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Physical therapy
  • Rehabilitation
  • Telehealth
  • Telemedicine
  • Videoconferencing

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