Non-selective inhibitors of spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) efficiently suppress disease in T cell-dependent models of crescentic glomerulonephritis. However, the therapeutic potential of selective SYK inhibitors in this disease has not been established. In addition, we lack knowledge regarding SYK expression in non-myeloid cells in glomerulonephritis. We addressed these two issues in a rat model of nephrotoxic serum nephritis (NTN) using a SYK inhibitor, GS-492429. Disease was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats (Study 1) or Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats (Study 2) by immunization with sheep IgG and administration of sheep anti-rat nephrotoxic serum. Animals were untreated or received GS-492429 (30 mg/kg/bid) or vehicle treatment from 2 h before nephrotoxic serum injection until being killed 3 or 24 h later (Study 1) or 14 days later (Study 2). Two-colour confocal microscopy found that SYK expression in NTN kidney was restricted to myeloid cells and platelets, with no evidence of SYK expression by T cells, mesangial cells, podocytes or tubular epithelial cells. In Study 1, GS-492429 treatment significantly reduced glomerular neutrophil and macrophage infiltration, with protection from glomerular thrombosis and proteinuria. In Study 2, GS-492429 treatment reduced glomerular crescent formation by 70% on day 14 NTN in conjunction with reduced glomerular thrombosis, glomerulosclerosis and tubular damage. This was accompanied by a marked reduction in markers of inflammation (CCL2, TNF-α, NOS2, MMP-12). Importantly, the protective effects of GS-492429 were independent of T cell infiltration and activation and independent of JAK/STAT3 signalling. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that a SYK inhibitor can suppress the development of crescentic glomerulonephritis through effects upon myeloid cells and platelets.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2018|
- T cell