An inhibitor of spleen tyrosine kinase suppresses experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis

Yingjie Han, Frank Y. Ma, Julie Di Paolo, David J. Nikolic-Paterson

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Non-selective inhibitors of spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) efficiently suppress disease in T cell-dependent models of crescentic glomerulonephritis. However, the therapeutic potential of selective SYK inhibitors in this disease has not been established. In addition, we lack knowledge regarding SYK expression in non-myeloid cells in glomerulonephritis. We addressed these two issues in a rat model of nephrotoxic serum nephritis (NTN) using a SYK inhibitor, GS-492429. Disease was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats (Study 1) or Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats (Study 2) by immunization with sheep IgG and administration of sheep anti-rat nephrotoxic serum. Animals were untreated or received GS-492429 (30 mg/kg/bid) or vehicle treatment from 2 h before nephrotoxic serum injection until being killed 3 or 24 h later (Study 1) or 14 days later (Study 2). Two-colour confocal microscopy found that SYK expression in NTN kidney was restricted to myeloid cells and platelets, with no evidence of SYK expression by T cells, mesangial cells, podocytes or tubular epithelial cells. In Study 1, GS-492429 treatment significantly reduced glomerular neutrophil and macrophage infiltration, with protection from glomerular thrombosis and proteinuria. In Study 2, GS-492429 treatment reduced glomerular crescent formation by 70% on day 14 NTN in conjunction with reduced glomerular thrombosis, glomerulosclerosis and tubular damage. This was accompanied by a marked reduction in markers of inflammation (CCL2, TNF-α, NOS2, MMP-12). Importantly, the protective effects of GS-492429 were independent of T cell infiltration and activation and independent of JAK/STAT3 signalling. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that a SYK inhibitor can suppress the development of crescentic glomerulonephritis through effects upon myeloid cells and platelets.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • crescent
  • glomerulonephritis
  • macrophage
  • STAT3
  • SYK
  • T cell

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