The reliability polynomial Π (G,p) gives the probability that a graph is connected given each edge may fail independently with probability 1−p. Two graphs are reliability equivalent if they have the same reliability polynomial. It is well-known that the reliability polynomial can factorise into the reliability polynomials of the blocks of a graph. We give an infinite family of graphs that have no cutvertex but factorise into reliability polynomials of graphs of smaller order.
Brown and Colbourn commented that it was not known if there exist pairs of reliability equivalent graphs with different chromatic numbers. We show that there are infinitely many pairs of reliability equivalent graphs where one graph in each pair has chromatic number 3 and the other graph has chromatic number 4.
- Network reliability
- Reliability polynomial
- Chromatic polynomial
- Tutte polynomial