An incident cohort study comparing survival on home hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplantation Registry)

Annie-Claire Nadeau-Fredette, Carmel Mary Hawley, Elaine Pascoe, Christopher Ting Man Chan, Philip Andrew Clayton, Kevan R Polkinghorne, Neil Boudville, Martine Leblanc, David W Johnson

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Background and objectives Home dialysis is often recognized as a first-choice therapy for patients initiating dialysis. However, studies comparing clinical outcomes between peritoneal dialysis and home hemodialysis have been very limited.Design, setting, participants, measurements This Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplantation Registry study assessed all Australian and New Zealand adult patients receiving home dialysis on day 90 after initiation of RRT between 2000 and 2012. The primary outcome was overall survival. The secondary outcomes were on-treatment survival, patient and technique survival, and death-censored technique survival. All results were adjusted with three prespecified models: multivariable Cox proportional hazards model (main model), propensity score quintile?stratified model, and propensity score?matched model. Results The study included 10,710 patients on incident peritoneal dialysis and 706 patients on incident home hemodialysis. Treatment with home hemodialysis was associated with better patient survival than treatment with peritoneal dialysis (5-year survival: 85 versus 44 , respectively; log-rank P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1397 - 1407
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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