An exploratory study of spirituality and spiritual care among Malaysian nurses

Mohd Arif Atarhim, Susan Lee, Beverley Copnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The increasing evidence that spirituality is a critical component for promoting health and well-being has made spirituality more significant to nursing practice. However, although nurses’ perceptions of spirituality have been studied in western countries, there has been little research on this topic in Southeast Asian countries where religions other than Christianity predominate. This study explores Malaysian nurses’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care and examines associations between socio-demographics and their perceptions. The Malaysian Nurse Forum Facebook closed group was used for data collection with 208 completed the online survey. The participants considered that spirituality is a fundamental aspect of nursing. Nonetheless, half of the respondents were uncertain regarding the use of the spiritual dimension for individuals with no religious affiliation. Significant differences were found between educational levels in mean scores for spirituality and spiritual care. There was also a positive relationship between perception of spirituality and spiritual care among the respondents. Despite the positive perceptions of nurses of spirituality in nursing care, the vast majority of nurses felt that they required more education and training relating to spiritual aspects of care, delivered within the appropriate cultural context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-194
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019


  • Holistic care
  • Nurses
  • Perceptions
  • Spiritual care
  • Spiritual education
  • Spirituality

Cite this