An evaluation of the modified 6-31G* basis set for the atoms Ga-Kr using the Gaussian-3 and Gaussian-4 composite methods

Brian J. Duke

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The new modified 6-31G* basis set of Mitin and Merz for the elements Ga-Kr is evaluated by applying the Gaussian-3 and Gaussian-4 composite methods to the set of 19 atomisation energies, 15 ionisation energies, 4 electron affinities and 2 proton affinities for atoms and molecules containing these elements. The standard 6-31G basis set with additional diffuse and polarisation functions is replaced by the modified basis set. Results are compared for the calculated geometries and energy values against experimental values, the results using the standard 6-31G basis and other composite methods. The calculated geometries are improved in the Gaussian-3 composite method where MP2 is used to determine the geometries, but are slightly worse in the Gaussian-4 composite method where the density functional B3LYP method is used. The energy values with the new basis set have slightly higher errors against experiment for the Gaussian-3 approach, but the errors for the Gaussian-4 approach are essentially unchanged. If the new basis set is widely accepted after further studies, there appears to be no serious disadvantage in using it for these composite methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1027-1034
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Physics
Issue number8-12
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009


  • 6-31G basis set
  • Composite methods
  • Quantum chemistry

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