An evaluation of equivalence in body dissatisfaction measurement across cultures

Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Helen Skouteris, Marita McCabe, Alexander Mussap, David Mellor, Lina Ricciardelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated gender-based and cross-cultural equivalence of the Body Dissatisfaction Scale of the Body Change Inventory in a sample of 4,005 adolescents from 7 cultures that represent diverse body image ideals and response styles. Results of multigroup confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated equivalence of the scale across gender but not across cultures. Follow-up analyses identified small but significant cross-cultural differences in response styles (specifically, acquiescence and middle response option endorsement) as the source of this noninvariance. We recommend use of this scale for gender-based comparisons but caution that researchers should evaluate the presence of response biases before making substantive conclusions about cross-cultural differences in body dissatisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-417
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Volume94
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

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