An EPG and EMA study of apicals in stressed and unstressed position in Arrernte

Marija Tabain, Richard Beare

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We present EPG (electropalatography) and EMA(electro-magnetic articulometry) data from twofemale speakers of Arrernte, a language of Central Australia. We focus on the apical consonants /t/ and/ʈ/, both of which have previously been shown to have a higher spectral centre of gravity for the stop burst when preceding a stressed syllable. Articulatory results suggest that the tongue is most retracted for the retroflex in the weak (i.e.unstressed) context, but that both apicals have a more advanced tongue position in strong (i.e.stressed) positions. In general, there is more variability in tongue-palate contact patterns for the alveolar /t/ than for the retroflex /ʈ/. In addition, jaw position is highest for /t/ in stressed position, and lowest for /ʈ/ in unstressed position. We suggest that the most prototypical retroflex is the one found in the weak prosodic position.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
EditorsThe Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015
PublisherUniversity of Glasgow
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9780852619414
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventInternational Congress of Phonetic Sciences 2015 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Aug 201514 Aug 2015
Conference number: 18th


ConferenceInternational Congress of Phonetic Sciences 2015
Abbreviated titleICPhS 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
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