An enhanced protective relaying scheme for TCSC compensated line connecting DFIG-based wind farm

Subodh Kumar Mohanty, Paresh Kumar Nayak, Pallav Kumar Bera, Hassan Haes Alhelou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The electricity generated from the present-day large capacity doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) installed wind farm is generally transmitted to utility grid via medium or high voltage transmission line (TL). Due to the restriction of building new TLs, series compensated TLs are some cases preferred for such applications. But, the nonlinear output power versus wind speed relation, control strategies of power electronic interfaced DFIG-wind turbine generators and the nonlinear operation of the thyristor-controlled series capacitor (TCSC) during fault impose adverse impact on the performance of the conventionally used distance relaying-based TL protection schemes. In this article, an improved fault detection and classification technique is proposed to assist distance relay in ensuring fast and reliable protection to TCSC compensated TL linked to DFIG-installed wind farm. In this method, a feature called transient monitoring indexed (TMI) is derived from the measured three-phase currents at the relay location for fault detection and TMI-assisted support vector machine is employed further for fault classification. Performance of the proposed scheme is validated on various fault and nonfault transients simulated on a test power system through MATLAB/Simulink. This protective scheme is farther validated throughout real-time assembled dSPACE DS 1104 control prototype hardware. The superiority of the proposed method is also demonstrated through comparative assessment results with few existing techniques. The overall results justify the merits of the proposed method for fast and accurate detection and classification of faults in such crucial TLs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3425-3435
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Circuit faults
  • Fault classification
  • Fault detection
  • fault detection
  • Power capacitors
  • Protective relaying
  • support vector machine (SVM)
  • Support vector machines
  • thyristor-controlled series capacitor (TCSC) compensation
  • Thyristors
  • transient monitoring index
  • transmission line
  • wind farm
  • Wind farms

Cite this