In vitro labelling and autoradiographic techniques were used to examine the localization of [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB) and [125I]4-iodo-QNB ([125I]4IQNB) to slide-mounted sections of rabbit aorta and pulmonary artery, cat aorta, pulmonary and superior mesenteric arteries. These vessels all respond to acetylcholine (ACh) with endothelium-dependent relaxation, yet there was no evidence for endothelium-related binding of either [3H]QNB or [125I]4IQNB. Muscarinic receptors were localized over the medial smooth muscle and, in the rabbit pulmonary artery, the density of binding increased towards the adventitia. Binding of either radioligand to sections of rabbit pulmonary artery was not affected by the muscarinic M1 receptor antagonist pirenzepine (20 nM) but was markedly reduced by the muscarinic M2 antagonist 4DAMP (4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methyl-piperidine methobromide) (1 nM). This study provides evidence for muscarinic receptors located directly on smooth muscle cells, indicating that endothelium-dependent relaxation to ACh results from an indirect mechanism involving smooth muscle muscarinic receptors.
- Blood vessels
- Endothelium (vascular)
- Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors
- Quinuclidinyl benzilate