An Analysis of the Formal Institutional Framework of Entrepreneurship in the Philippines: Lessons for Developing Countries

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This study analyses the formal institutional factors affecting entrepreneurship in the Philippines. The basic policies, laws and regulations affecting small and medium enterprises (SMEs), programmes, services and assistance were identified, reviewed, and evaluated. Linkages among key participants in the entrepreneurship process were also studied. The institutional theory advanced by North 1 was used as the conceptual framework. Small and medium sized firms from different sectors of industry were survey respondents. The institutions assisting the SMEs were also interviewed. Data analyses revealed significant differences in the views of institutions and entrepreneurs as to whether the programmes were responsive to the needs of the entrepreneur; whether they encouraged entrepreneurship and helped in the success of a firm. The analyses also revealed that the programmes had indeed encouraged entrepreneurship and helped in the success of the firm. Relevant lessons for developing countries have been drawn.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-203
Number of pages18
JournalThe Journal of Entrepreneurship
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • entrepreneurship
  • institutional factors
  • Philippines
  • support

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