An analysis of movement and discomfort of the female breast during exercise and the effects of breast support in three cases

Bruce R. Mason, Kelly-Ann Page, Keiran Fallon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Breast pain is common during exercise, occurring in up to 56% of subjects in some surveys. This pain is mainly associated with the movement of breast tissue. In an attempt to analyse this movement and the resulting pain, the movement of the female breast tissue was quantified in four conditions of breast support ('sports bra', 'fashion bra', 'crop top' and bare breasted) during four different activities (running, jogging, aerobics march and walking). These activities represented general patterns of exercise for adult females in Australian society. All three subjects were healthy, active, young women of varying breast size (12B, 14B and 14C) that were typical of young women. Two of the subjects had noted breast pain whilst exercising. The results showed that wearing external support for the breast tissue reduced absolute vertical movement and maximum downward deceleration force on the breast. Support also reduced perceived pain. When compared to other forms of breast support a 'sports bra' (brassiere designed for breast support whilst exercising) provided superior support for the breast in relation to the amplitude of movement, deceleration forces on the breast, and perceived pain. The data indicates that adult females should wear appropriate breast support to reduce perceived breast discomfort or pain. Of the three garments examined In this study, the fitted sports bra provided superior support and pain reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-144
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

@article{2bc1b9fe06034f7b8c5650fb5e400c4c,
title = "An analysis of movement and discomfort of the female breast during exercise and the effects of breast support in three cases",
abstract = "Breast pain is common during exercise, occurring in up to 56{\%} of subjects in some surveys. This pain is mainly associated with the movement of breast tissue. In an attempt to analyse this movement and the resulting pain, the movement of the female breast tissue was quantified in four conditions of breast support ('sports bra', 'fashion bra', 'crop top' and bare breasted) during four different activities (running, jogging, aerobics march and walking). These activities represented general patterns of exercise for adult females in Australian society. All three subjects were healthy, active, young women of varying breast size (12B, 14B and 14C) that were typical of young women. Two of the subjects had noted breast pain whilst exercising. The results showed that wearing external support for the breast tissue reduced absolute vertical movement and maximum downward deceleration force on the breast. Support also reduced perceived pain. When compared to other forms of breast support a 'sports bra' (brassiere designed for breast support whilst exercising) provided superior support for the breast in relation to the amplitude of movement, deceleration forces on the breast, and perceived pain. The data indicates that adult females should wear appropriate breast support to reduce perceived breast discomfort or pain. Of the three garments examined In this study, the fitted sports bra provided superior support and pain reduction.",
author = "Mason, {Bruce R.} and Kelly-Ann Page and Keiran Fallon",
year = "1999",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/S1440-2440(99)80193-5",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "134--144",
journal = "Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport",
issn = "1440-2440",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

An analysis of movement and discomfort of the female breast during exercise and the effects of breast support in three cases. / Mason, Bruce R.; Page, Kelly-Ann; Fallon, Keiran.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 2, No. 2, 06.1999, p. 134-144.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - An analysis of movement and discomfort of the female breast during exercise and the effects of breast support in three cases

AU - Mason, Bruce R.

AU - Page, Kelly-Ann

AU - Fallon, Keiran

PY - 1999/6

Y1 - 1999/6

N2 - Breast pain is common during exercise, occurring in up to 56% of subjects in some surveys. This pain is mainly associated with the movement of breast tissue. In an attempt to analyse this movement and the resulting pain, the movement of the female breast tissue was quantified in four conditions of breast support ('sports bra', 'fashion bra', 'crop top' and bare breasted) during four different activities (running, jogging, aerobics march and walking). These activities represented general patterns of exercise for adult females in Australian society. All three subjects were healthy, active, young women of varying breast size (12B, 14B and 14C) that were typical of young women. Two of the subjects had noted breast pain whilst exercising. The results showed that wearing external support for the breast tissue reduced absolute vertical movement and maximum downward deceleration force on the breast. Support also reduced perceived pain. When compared to other forms of breast support a 'sports bra' (brassiere designed for breast support whilst exercising) provided superior support for the breast in relation to the amplitude of movement, deceleration forces on the breast, and perceived pain. The data indicates that adult females should wear appropriate breast support to reduce perceived breast discomfort or pain. Of the three garments examined In this study, the fitted sports bra provided superior support and pain reduction.

AB - Breast pain is common during exercise, occurring in up to 56% of subjects in some surveys. This pain is mainly associated with the movement of breast tissue. In an attempt to analyse this movement and the resulting pain, the movement of the female breast tissue was quantified in four conditions of breast support ('sports bra', 'fashion bra', 'crop top' and bare breasted) during four different activities (running, jogging, aerobics march and walking). These activities represented general patterns of exercise for adult females in Australian society. All three subjects were healthy, active, young women of varying breast size (12B, 14B and 14C) that were typical of young women. Two of the subjects had noted breast pain whilst exercising. The results showed that wearing external support for the breast tissue reduced absolute vertical movement and maximum downward deceleration force on the breast. Support also reduced perceived pain. When compared to other forms of breast support a 'sports bra' (brassiere designed for breast support whilst exercising) provided superior support for the breast in relation to the amplitude of movement, deceleration forces on the breast, and perceived pain. The data indicates that adult females should wear appropriate breast support to reduce perceived breast discomfort or pain. Of the three garments examined In this study, the fitted sports bra provided superior support and pain reduction.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032775333&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S1440-2440(99)80193-5

DO - 10.1016/S1440-2440(99)80193-5

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 134

EP - 144

JO - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

JF - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

SN - 1440-2440

IS - 2

ER -