An alternative splicing switch regulates embryonic stem cell pluripotency and reprogramming

Mathieu Gabut, Payman Samavarchi-Tehrani, Xinchen Wang, Valentina Slobodeniuc, Dave O'Hanlon, Hoon Ki Sung, Manuel Alvarez, Shaheynoor Talukder, Qun Pan, Esteban O. Mazzoni, Stephane Nedelec, Hynek Wichterle, Knut Woltjen, Timothy R. Hughes, Peter W. Zandstra, Andras Nagy, Jeffrey L. Wrana, Benjamin J. Blencowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Alternative splicing (AS) is a key process underlying the expansion of proteomic diversity and the regulation of gene expression. Here, we identify an evolutionarily conserved embryonic stem cell (ESC)-specific AS event that changes the DNA-binding preference of the forkhead family transcription factor FOXP1. We show that the ESC-specific isoform of FOXP1 stimulates the expression of transcription factor genes required for pluripotency, including OCT4, NANOG, NR5A2, and GDF3, while concomitantly repressing genes required for ESC differentiation. This isoform also promotes the maintenance of ESC pluripotency and contributes to efficient reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells. These results reveal a pivotal role for an AS event in the regulation of pluripotency through the control of critical ESC-specific transcriptional programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-146
Number of pages15
JournalCell
Volume147
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Gabut, M., Samavarchi-Tehrani, P., Wang, X., Slobodeniuc, V., O'Hanlon, D., Sung, H. K., ... Blencowe, B. J. (2011). An alternative splicing switch regulates embryonic stem cell pluripotency and reprogramming. Cell, 147(1), 132-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2011.08.023
Gabut, Mathieu ; Samavarchi-Tehrani, Payman ; Wang, Xinchen ; Slobodeniuc, Valentina ; O'Hanlon, Dave ; Sung, Hoon Ki ; Alvarez, Manuel ; Talukder, Shaheynoor ; Pan, Qun ; Mazzoni, Esteban O. ; Nedelec, Stephane ; Wichterle, Hynek ; Woltjen, Knut ; Hughes, Timothy R. ; Zandstra, Peter W. ; Nagy, Andras ; Wrana, Jeffrey L. ; Blencowe, Benjamin J. / An alternative splicing switch regulates embryonic stem cell pluripotency and reprogramming. In: Cell. 2011 ; Vol. 147, No. 1. pp. 132-146.
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abstract = "Alternative splicing (AS) is a key process underlying the expansion of proteomic diversity and the regulation of gene expression. Here, we identify an evolutionarily conserved embryonic stem cell (ESC)-specific AS event that changes the DNA-binding preference of the forkhead family transcription factor FOXP1. We show that the ESC-specific isoform of FOXP1 stimulates the expression of transcription factor genes required for pluripotency, including OCT4, NANOG, NR5A2, and GDF3, while concomitantly repressing genes required for ESC differentiation. This isoform also promotes the maintenance of ESC pluripotency and contributes to efficient reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells. These results reveal a pivotal role for an AS event in the regulation of pluripotency through the control of critical ESC-specific transcriptional programs.",
author = "Mathieu Gabut and Payman Samavarchi-Tehrani and Xinchen Wang and Valentina Slobodeniuc and Dave O'Hanlon and Sung, {Hoon Ki} and Manuel Alvarez and Shaheynoor Talukder and Qun Pan and Mazzoni, {Esteban O.} and Stephane Nedelec and Hynek Wichterle and Knut Woltjen and Hughes, {Timothy R.} and Zandstra, {Peter W.} and Andras Nagy and Wrana, {Jeffrey L.} and Blencowe, {Benjamin J.}",
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Gabut, M, Samavarchi-Tehrani, P, Wang, X, Slobodeniuc, V, O'Hanlon, D, Sung, HK, Alvarez, M, Talukder, S, Pan, Q, Mazzoni, EO, Nedelec, S, Wichterle, H, Woltjen, K, Hughes, TR, Zandstra, PW, Nagy, A, Wrana, JL & Blencowe, BJ 2011, 'An alternative splicing switch regulates embryonic stem cell pluripotency and reprogramming' Cell, vol. 147, no. 1, pp. 132-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2011.08.023

An alternative splicing switch regulates embryonic stem cell pluripotency and reprogramming. / Gabut, Mathieu; Samavarchi-Tehrani, Payman; Wang, Xinchen; Slobodeniuc, Valentina; O'Hanlon, Dave; Sung, Hoon Ki; Alvarez, Manuel; Talukder, Shaheynoor; Pan, Qun; Mazzoni, Esteban O.; Nedelec, Stephane; Wichterle, Hynek; Woltjen, Knut; Hughes, Timothy R.; Zandstra, Peter W.; Nagy, Andras; Wrana, Jeffrey L.; Blencowe, Benjamin J.

In: Cell, Vol. 147, No. 1, 30.09.2011, p. 132-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - An alternative splicing switch regulates embryonic stem cell pluripotency and reprogramming

AU - Gabut, Mathieu

AU - Samavarchi-Tehrani, Payman

AU - Wang, Xinchen

AU - Slobodeniuc, Valentina

AU - O'Hanlon, Dave

AU - Sung, Hoon Ki

AU - Alvarez, Manuel

AU - Talukder, Shaheynoor

AU - Pan, Qun

AU - Mazzoni, Esteban O.

AU - Nedelec, Stephane

AU - Wichterle, Hynek

AU - Woltjen, Knut

AU - Hughes, Timothy R.

AU - Zandstra, Peter W.

AU - Nagy, Andras

AU - Wrana, Jeffrey L.

AU - Blencowe, Benjamin J.

PY - 2011/9/30

Y1 - 2011/9/30

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AB - Alternative splicing (AS) is a key process underlying the expansion of proteomic diversity and the regulation of gene expression. Here, we identify an evolutionarily conserved embryonic stem cell (ESC)-specific AS event that changes the DNA-binding preference of the forkhead family transcription factor FOXP1. We show that the ESC-specific isoform of FOXP1 stimulates the expression of transcription factor genes required for pluripotency, including OCT4, NANOG, NR5A2, and GDF3, while concomitantly repressing genes required for ESC differentiation. This isoform also promotes the maintenance of ESC pluripotency and contributes to efficient reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells. These results reveal a pivotal role for an AS event in the regulation of pluripotency through the control of critical ESC-specific transcriptional programs.

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SN - 0092-8674

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Gabut M, Samavarchi-Tehrani P, Wang X, Slobodeniuc V, O'Hanlon D, Sung HK et al. An alternative splicing switch regulates embryonic stem cell pluripotency and reprogramming. Cell. 2011 Sep 30;147(1):132-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2011.08.023