An Akaike-type information criterion for model selection under inequality constraints

R Kuiper, Herbert Hoijtink, Mervyn Silvapulle

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31 Citations (Scopus)


The Akaike information criterion for model selection presupposes that the parameter space is not subject to order restrictions or inequality constraints. Anraku (1999) proposed a modified version of this criterion, called the order-restricted information criterion, for model selection in the one-way analysis of variance model when the population means are monotonic. We propose a generalization of this to the case when the population means may be restricted by a mixture of linear equality and inequality constraints. If the model has no inequality constraints, then the generalized order-restricted information criterion coincides with the Akaike information criterion. Thus, the former extends the applicability of the latter to model selection in multi-way analysis of variance models when some models may have inequality constraints while others may not. Simulation shows that the information criterion proposed in this paper performs well in selecting the correct model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495 - 501
Number of pages7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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