Projects per year
The self-assembly of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) into β-sheet-rich nanofibrils is associated with the pathogeny of type 2 diabetes. Soluble hIAPP is intrinsically disordered with N-terminal residues 8–17 as α-helices. To understand the contribution of the N-terminal helix to the aggregation of full-length hIAPP, here the oligomerization dynamics of the hIAPP fragment 8–20 (hIAPP8-20) are investigated with combined computational and experimental approaches. hIAPP8-20 forms cross-β nanofibrils in silico from isolated helical monomers via the helical oligomers and α-helices to β-sheets transition, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, circular dichroism spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography. The computational results also suggest that the critical nucleus of aggregation corresponds to hexamers, consistent with a recent mass-spectroscopy study of hIAPP8-20 aggregation. hIAPP8-20 oligomers smaller than hexamers are helical and unstable, while the α-to-β transition starts from the hexamers. Converted β-sheet-rich oligomers first form β-barrel structures as intermediates before aggregating into cross-β nanofibrils. This study uncovers a complete picture of hIAPP8-20 peptide oligomerization, aggregation nucleation via conformational conversion, formation of β-barrel intermediates, and assembly of cross-β protofibrils, thereby shedding light on the aggregation of full-length hIAPP, a hallmark of pancreatic beta-cell degeneration.
- beta barrels
- helical oligomers
- helix-to-sheet transitions
- human islet amyloid polypeptide
- 1 Finished
Davis, T., Boyd, B., Bunnett, N., Porter, C., Caruso, F., Kent, S., Thordarson, P., Kearnes, M., Gooding, J., Kavallaris, M., Thurecht, K., Whittaker, A. K., Parton, R., Corrie, S. R., Johnston, A., McGhee, J., Greguric, I. D., Stevens, M. M., Lewis, J., Lee, D. S., Alexander, C., Dawson, K., Hawker, C., Haddleton, D., Thierry, B., Prestidge, C. A., Meyer, A., Jones-Jayasinghe, N., Voelcker, N. H., Nann, T. & McLean, K.
Australian Research Council (ARC), Monash University, University of Melbourne, University of New South Wales (UNSW), University of Queensland , University of South Australia, Monash University – Internal Faculty Contribution, University of Wisconsin Madison, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, University of California System, University College Dublin, Imperial College London, University of Warwick, SungKyunKwan University, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) , University of Nottingham
30/06/14 → 29/06/21