Amplification of intrinsic emittance due to rough metal cathodes: formulation of a parameterization model

T. K. Charles, D. M. Paganin, R. T. Dowd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Intrinsic emittance is often the limiting factor for brightness in fourth generation light sources and as such, a good understanding of the factors affecting intrinsic emittance is essential in order to be able to decrease it. Here we present a parameterization model describing the proportional increase in emittance induced by cathode surface roughness. One major benefit behind the parameterization approach presented here is that it takes the complexity of a Monte Carlo model and reduces the results to a straight-forward empirical model. The resulting models describe the proportional increase in transverse momentum introduced by surface roughness, and are applicable to various metal types, photon wavelengths, applied electric fields, and cathode surface terrains. The analysis includes the increase in emittance due to changes in the electric field induced by roughness as well as the increase in transverse momentum resultant from the spatially varying surface normal. We also compare the results of the Parameterization Model to an Analytical Model which employs various approximations to produce a more compact expression with the cost of a reduction in accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-219
Number of pages9
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2016


  • Cathode
  • Emittance
  • Intrinsic emittance
  • Parameterization
  • Photoemission
  • Surface roughness

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