Amnion epithelial cells promote lung repair via lipoxin A4

Jean L. Tan, Yan Z. Tan, Ruth Muljadi, Siow T. Chan, Sin N. Lau, Joanne C. Mockler, Euan M. Wallace, Rebecca Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) have been shown to possess potent immunomodulatory properties across a number of disease models. Recently, we reported that hAECs influence macrophage polarization and activity, and that this step was dependent on regulatory T cells. In this study, we aimed to assess the effects of hAEC-derived proresolution lipoxin-A4 (LXA4) on T-cell, macrophage, and neutrophil phenotype and function during the acute phase of bleomycin-induced lung injury. Using C57Bl6 mice, we administered 4 million hAECs intraperitoneally 24 hours after bleomycin challenge. Outcomes were measured at days 3, 5, and 7. hAEC administration resulted in significant changes to T-cell, macrophage, dendritic cell, and monocyte/macrophage infiltration and phenotypes. Endogenous levels of lipoxygenases, LXA4, and the lipoxin receptor FPR2 were elevated in hAEC-treated animals. Furthermore, we showed that the effects of hAECs on macrophage phagocytic activity and T-cell suppression are LXA4 dependent, whereas the inhibition of neutrophil-derived myleoperoxidase by hAECs is independent of LXA4. This study provides the first evidence that lipid-based mediators contribute to the immunomodulatory effects of hAECs and further supports the growing body of evidence that LXA4 is proresolutionary in lung injury. This discovery of LXA4-dependent communication between hAECs, macrophages, T cells, and neutrophils is important to the understanding of hAEC biodynamics and would be expected to inform future clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1085-1095
Number of pages11
JournalStem Cells Translational Medicine
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Lipoxin A
  • Lung fibrosis
  • Macrophages
  • Neutrophils

Cite this