Amino acid balance with extended daily diafiltration in acute kidney injury

Horng Ruey Chua, Ian Baldwin, Nigel Fealy, Toshio Naka, Rinaldo Bellomo

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The impact of hybrid dialysis therapies on amino acid (AA) balance in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury is unknown. Methods: We examined prospectively the AA balance with extended daily diafiltration (EDDF). Results: We studied 7 patients. AA clearances with EDDF ranged from 21.6 ml/min (tryptophan) to 66.9 ml/min (taurine). AA loss was 4.2 (IQR 1.4-12.3) g/day and 4.5% of daily protein intake for patients on enteral nutrition (EN). Percentage AA loss per hour on EDDF was highest for glutamine (32.1%) and lowest for glutamic acid (0.8%). Blood AA levels correlated with corresponding EDDF losses. Median total nitrogen appearance was 25.0 (IQR 20.6-29.3) g/day for patients on EN. This resulted in a negative nitrogen balance of-10.7 (IQR-16.6 to-1.4) g/day, of which 6.5% was attributable to AA loss. Conclusions: AA loss with EDDF was limited, but with much individual variability, and contributed to a strongly negative daily nitrogen balance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-299
Number of pages8
JournalBlood Purification
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Amino acid
  • Extended daily diafiltration
  • Nitrogen balance
  • Nutrition
  • Protein catabolism
  • Protein energy wasting
  • Sustained low-efficiency daily dialysis with filtration

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