Amino acid analysis by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography

Renuka Mayadunne, Thuy-Tien Nguyen, Philip Marriott

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The separation characteristics of alkylchloro-formate-derivatised amino acids (AAs) by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC x GC) is reported. The use of a low-polarity/ polar column set did not provide as good a separation performance as that achieved with a polar/ non-polar column set, where the latter appeared to provide less correlation over the separation space. The degree of component correlation in each column set was estimated by using the correlation coefficient (r(2); for (1)t(R) and (2)t(R) data) with the low-polarity/polar and polar/ low-polarity sets returning correlation coefficients of 0.86, and 0.00 respectively, under the respective conditions employed for the experiments. The 1.5-m non-polar D-2 column (0.1- mm ID; 0.1- mu; m film thickness) gave peak halfwidths of the order of 50-80 ms. Linearity of detection was good, over a three order of magnitude concentration range, with typical lower detection limit of ca. 0.01 mg L-1, compared with 0.5 mg L-1 for normal GC operation with splitless injection. The method was demonstrated for analysis of AAs in a range of food and beverage products, including wine, beer and honey. The major AA in these samples was proline. The Heineken beer sample had a relatively more complex and more abundant AA content compared with the other beer sample. The wine and honey samples also gave a range of AA compounds. Repetition of the sample preparation/ analysis procedure for the honey sample gave acceptable reproducibility for individual AAs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836 - 847
Number of pages12
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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