Amine modified mesocellular siliceous foam (MCF) as a sorbent for CO(2)

Dirgarini Subagyono, Zhijian Liang, Gregory Knowles, Alan Chaffee

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Adsorption is considered a promising method for carbon capture. CO(2) adsorbents take a variety of forms - but one approach is to fill mesoporous substrates with a polymeric CO(2) selective sorbent. SBA-15 and mesocellular siliceous foam (MCF) are high pore volume, high surface area ordered mesoporous materials for which modification with amine should result in high capacity, highly selective adsorbents. SBA-15 and MCF were separately loaded with approximately one pore volume equivalent of linear polyethyleneimine (PEI) (My, =2500) or branched PEI (M(W) = 1200). CO(2) adsorption/desorption isotherms under dry CO(2) were obtained at 75, 105 and 115 degrees C. The CO(2) adsorption/desorption kinetics were improved with temperature, though the CO(2) capacities generally decreased. The adsorption capacity for MCF loaded with branched PEI at 105 and 115 degrees C were 151 and 133 mg/g adsorbent, respectively (in 50 CO(2)/Ar, 20 min adsorption time). These are significantly higher than the adsorption capacity observed for SBA-15 loaded with branched PEI under same conditions, which were 107 and 83 mg/g adsorbent, respectively. Thus the results indicate that, on a unit mass basis, amine modified MCF s are potentially better adsorbents than amine modified SBA-15 for CO(2) capture at modestly elevated temperature in a vacuum swing adsorption process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1647 - 1657
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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