AM833 is a novel agonist of calcitonin family G protein–coupled receptors: Pharmacological comparison with six selective and nonselective agonists

Madeleine M. Fletcher, Peter Keov, Tin T. Truong, Grace Mennen, Caroline A. Hick, Peishen Zhao, Sebastian G.B. Furness, Thomas Kruse, Trine R. Clausen, Denise Wootten, Patrick M. Sexton

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Abstract

Obesity and associated comorbidities are a major health burden, and novel therapeutics to help treat obesity are urgently needed. There is increasing evidence that targeting the amylin receptors (AMYRs), heterodimers of the calcitonin G protein–coupled receptor (CTR) and receptor activity-modifying proteins, improves weight control and has the potential to act additively with other treatments such as glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists. Recent data indicate that AMYR agonists, which can also independently activate the CTR, may have improved efficacy for treating obesity, even though selective activation of CTRs is not efficacious. AM833 (cagrilintide) is a novel lipidated amylin analog that is undergoing clinical trials as a nonselective AMYR and CTR agonist. In the current study, we have investigated the pharmacology of AM833 across 25 endpoints and compared this peptide with AMYR selective and nonselective lipidated analogs (AM1213 and AM1784), and the clinically used peptide agonists pramlintide (AMYR selective) and salmon CT (nonselective). We also profiled human CT and rat amylin as prototypical selective agonists of CTR and AMYRs, respectively. Our results demonstrate that AM833 has a unique pharmacological profile across diverse measures of receptor binding, activation, and regulation. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT AM833 is a novel nonselective agonist of calcitonin family receptors that has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of obesity in phase 2 clinical trials. This study demonstrates that AM833 has a unique pharmacological profile across diverse measures of receptor binding, activation, and regulation when compared with other selective and nonselective calcitonin receptor and amylin receptor agonists. The present data provide mechanistic insight into the actions of AM833.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-440
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume377
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

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