Altered metabolic pathways in a transgenic mouse model suggest mechanistic role of amyloid precursor protein overexpression in Alzheimer’s disease

Hattapark Dejakaisaya, Anna Harutyunyan, Patrick Kwan, Nigel C. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The mechanistic role of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remains unclear. Objectives: Here, we aimed to identify alterations in cerebral metabolites and metabolic pathways in cortex, hippocampus and serum samples from Tg2576 mice, a widely used mouse model of AD. Methods: Metabolomic profilings using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry were performed and analysed with MetaboAnalyst and weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA). Results: Expressions of 11 metabolites in cortex, including hydroxyphenyllactate—linked to oxidative stress—and phosphatidylserine—lipid metabolism—were significantly different between Tg2576 and WT mice (false discovery rate < 0.05). Four metabolic pathways from cortex, including glycerophospholipid metabolism and pyrimidine metabolism, and one pathway (sulphur metabolism) from hippocampus, were significantly enriched in Tg2576 mice. Network analysis identified five pathways, including alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, and mitochondria electron transport chain, that were significantly correlated with AD genotype. Conclusions: Changes in metabolite concentrations and metabolic pathways are present in the early stage of APP pathology, and may be important for AD development and progression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number42
Number of pages12
JournalMetabolomics
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Amyloid-beta
  • Dementia
  • Glutamate
  • Lipids metabolism
  • Network analysis
  • Oxidative stress

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