Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) modulates expression of apoptosis associated proteins in hippocampus of rats exposed during postnatal period to sodium arsenite (NaAsO2)

Shilpi Dixit, Pushpa Dhar, Raj D. Mehra

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study focused on the role of exogenous alpha lipoic acid (ALA) in amelioration of inorganic arsenic (iAs) induced effects on apoptosis and apoptosis associated proteins in developing rat hippocampus. NaAsO2 (1.5/2.0mg/kgbw) alone or along with ALA (70mg/kgbw) was administered to rat pups (experimental groups) by intraperitoneal (i.p.) route from postnatal day (PND) 4-15. Controls received no treatment/distilled water/ALA. On PND 16, the animals were perfusion fixed and the brains were processed for paraffin embedding (CV and TUNEL staining) and cryopreservation (immunohistochemistry). The fresh brain tissue was used for Western blotting. Significant increase was observed in TUNEL positive cells and Bax (pro-apoptotic protein) expression in hippocampal sub-regions of iAs alone treated groups, whereas Bcl-2 expression was intensified in animals receiving ALA with iAs. Densitometric analysis (Western blots) revealed optimal restoration of Bax and Bcl-2 ratio in animals receiving ALA with iAs, thereby suggesting the protective role of ALA in iAs induced developmental neurotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-87
Number of pages10
JournalToxicology reports
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arsenic (iAs)
  • Bax
  • Bcl-2
  • Hippocampus
  • Oxidative stress
  • α-Lipoic acid (ALA)

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