Allergic rhinitis and its impact on asthma update (ARIA 2008) - western and Asian-Pacific perspective

Ruby U Pawankar, Chaweewan Bunnag, Yuzhi Chen, Takeshi Fukuda, You Young Kim, Lan Thi Tuyet Le, Thi Thu le Huong, Robyn E. O'Hehir, Ken Ohta, Pakit Vichyanond, De Yun Wang, Nanshan Zhong, Nikolai Khaltaev, Jean Bousquet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


The prevalence of allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma is markedly increasing worldwide as societies adopt western life styles. Allergic sensitization is an important risk factor for asthma and AR, and asthma often co-exists with AR. An estimated 300 million people worldwide have asthma, about 50% of whom live in developing countries and about 400 million people suffer from AR. Yet, AR is often under-diagnosed and under-treated due to a lack of appreciation of the disease burden and its impact on quality of life, as well as its social impact at school and at the workplace. However, AR with or without asthma is a huge economic burden. Thus, there was clearly a need for a global evidence-based document which would highlight the interactions between the upper and lower airways including diagnosis, epidemiology, common risk factors, management and prevention. The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) document was first published in 2001 as a state-of-the-art guide-line for the specialist, the general practitioner and other health care professionals. Subsequent new evidence regarding the pathomechanisms, new drugs and increased knowledge have resulted in the publication of the ARIA 2008 update. The present review summarizes the ARIA update with particular emphasis on the current status of AR and asthma in the Asia-Pacific region and discusses the Western and Asian perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-243
Number of pages7
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

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