Aligning Ag nanowires by a facile bioinspired directional liquid transfer: toward anisotropic flexible conductive electrodes

Lili Meng, Ruixin Bian, Cheng Guo, Bojie Xu, Huan Liu, Lei Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent years have witnessed the booming development of transparent flexible electrodes (TFEs) for their applications in electronics and optoelectronic devices. Various strategies have thus been developed for preparing TFEs with higher flexibility and conductivity. However, little work has focused on TFEs with anisotropic conductivity. Here, a facile strategy of directional liquid transfer is proposed, guided by a conical fibers array (CFA), based on which silver nanowires (AgNWs) are aligned on a soft poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrate in large scale. After further coating a second thin layer of the conductive polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate), a TFE with notable anisotropic conductivity and excellent optical transmittance of 95.2% is prepared. It is proposed that the CFA enables fine control over the receding of the three-phase contact line during the dewetting process, where AgNWs are guided and aligned by the as-generated directional stress. Moreover, anisotropic electrochemical deposition is enabled where the Cu nanoparticles deposit only on the oriented AgNWs, leading to a surface with anisotropic wetting behavior. Importantly, the approach enables alignment of AgNWs via multiple directions at one step. It is envisioned that the as-developed approach will provide an optional approach for simple and low-cost preparation of TFE with various functions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1706938
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume30
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • anisotropic conductivity
  • anisotropic wetting
  • bioinspired materials
  • conical fibers
  • liquid transfer

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