Alginate-immobilized bentonite clay: adsorption efficacy and reusability for Cu(II) removal from aqueous solution

Wei Shang Tan, Adeline Su Yien Ting

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    This study evaluated the use of alginate-immobilized bentonite to remove Cu(II) as an alternative to mitigate clogging problems. The adsorption efficacy (under the influence of time, pH and initial Cu(II) concentration) and reusability of immobilized-bentonite (1 w/v bentonite) was tested against plain alginate beads. Results revealed that immobilized bentonite demonstrated significantly higher sorption efficacy compared to plain alginate beads with 114.70 and 94.04 mg Cu(II) adsorbed g-1 adsorbent, respectively. Both sorbents were comparable in other aspects where sorption equilibrium was achieved within 6 h, with optimum pH between pH 4 and 5 for adsorption, displayed maximum adsorption capacity at initial Cu(II) concentrations of 400 mg l-1, and demonstrated excellent reusability potential with desorption greater than 90 throughout three consecutive adsorption desorption cycles. Both sorbents also conformed to Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second order kinetic model. Immobilized bentonite is therefore recommended for use in water treatments to remove Cu(II) without clogging the system.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)115 - 118
    Number of pages4
    JournalBioresource Technology
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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