An algebraic multigrid (AMG) method is presented for the calculation of the stationary probability vector of an irreducible Markov chain. The method is based on standard AMG for nonsingular linear systems, but in a multiplicative, adaptive setting. A modified AMG interpolation formula is proposed that produces a nonnegative interpolation operator with unit row sums. We show how the adoption of a previously described lumping technique maintains the irreducible singular M-matrix character of the coarse-level operators on all levels. Together, these properties are sufficient to guarantee the well-posedness of the algorithm. Numerical results show how it leads to nearly optimal multigrid efficiency for a representative set of test problems.
- Algebraic multigrid
- Markov chain
- Multilevel method
- Stationary probability vector